Antenatal and post-natal sessions aim to improve the physical and psychological well-being of an expected mother for labour and prevent pregnancy-induced problems through physiotherapy. Antenatal and post-natal sessions includes mild exercises and stretching.
- During the first trimester, the body undergoes multiple changes like morning sickness, fatigue, low energy level, nausea etc.
- In the second-trimester baby bump get visible and all feelings of the first trimester get settled down slightly. In this phase, there are some physical changes like back pain, leg cramps, swelling in the feet etc.
- In the third phase, the foetus grows in size and weight and the expecting mother feels multiple body changes like a change of centre of gravity which ultimately leads to back pain, neck pain, leg cramps, costochondritis etc
Physiotherapy helps them to overcome all changes in the whole pregnancy. Mild aerobic exercises, stretching, and muscle release can help them to get out of such pain. Antenatal and post-natal sessions in Physiotherapy plays an important role during pregnancy.
Antenatal and Post Natal Sessions- Benefits of Antenatal Exercise
- Reduces anxiety and stress.
- Maintains flexibility.
- Prevents excessive weight gain during pregnancy.
- Reduces other pregnancy-related complications, like fatigue, leg cramps, oedema of the legs, back pain etc.
- Improves muscle strength.
- Improves posture.
- Reduce breathlessness
- Prepares for normal delivery.
- Reduces morning sickness.
- Improves core stability.
- Do not change positions quickly.
- Ensure bladder emptying before workouts.
- Avoid heavy workout
- Avoid supine lying more than 5 minutes after 3 months of gestation.
- Follow proper warm-up and cool-down process
- Do not hold your breath
- Exercises should be performed under supervision
- Always stay hydrated (before, during and after workouts).
- Avoid smoking and drinking
- Avoid junk food
Post-natal period is the phase just after pregnancy that lasts up to 6 weeks. The post-delivery body undergoes hormonal and physical changes. At this phase a new mother is weak, so she needs 6 weeks to get out of all problems. During this phase, physiotherapy plays an important role in fast recovery and complications of pregnancy and delivery too.
Physiotherapy reduced the recovery time and leads to fast recovery with the use of manual therapy, exercises, pelvic floor rehabilitation
- Weakened pelvic floor musculature
- Urinary incontinence
- Incontinence of stool
- Swollen extremities hands, feet, and ankle
- Excessive weight gain
- Pelvic organs prolapse
- Increased elasticity in ligaments during labour because of the release of relaxing hormone
- Risk of thromboembolism
- Diastasis recti
- Weakened perineal muscles
- Back pain