Ergonomics is the branch of physiotherapy that studies people in their workplaces. It is the process by which workplaces and systems are designed or redesigned to fit the people who use them. It aims to improve workplaces and facilities to mitigate the risk of injury.
This is the science-based discipline that brings together information from anatomy and physiology, psychology, engineering, and mathematics and ensures that designs match the strengths and abilities of the people who use them.
The ergonomics process has the following steps:
- Assess Risks
- Plan Improvements
- Measure the progress
- Scale Solutions
importance of Ergonomics
- In workplaces, where the body is stressed due to abnormal body posture, excessive ambient temperature, or repetitive bodily movements, the musculoskeletal system may get affected. Therefore, Ergonomics plays an important role in significantly reducing work-related injuries or illnesses such as computer vision syndrome, carpal tunnel syndrome, neck and back pain, etc.
- It create safe, comfortable, and productive workplaces by bringing personal level skills and limitations to the work environment, including the size of the body, strength, speed, ability, and sensory and mental skills.
- To increase productivity and make employees more comfortable.
How Ergonomics works
- Applied psychology:skill, learning, errors, differences
- Environmental physics:noise, radiation, light, heat, cold, vibration body systems: vision, hearing, sensations
- Mechanical and industrial engineering
- Social psychology:groups, communication, learning, behaviors.
- Biomechanics: muscles, levers, forces, strength
- Anthropometry:body sizes, shapes; populations, and variations
- Industrial design
- Information design
Benefits of Ergonomics
- Improved health
- Improved mental insight
- Happy employee
- Improved employee engagement
- Better product quality
- Reduced risk of work-related injuries and illness
- Higher productivity
- Decreased pain
- Better safety culture